Farklı Yükseltilerde Yetiştirilen ‘Hicaznar’ Çeşidinin Meyve Kalite Özelliklerinin Belirlenmesi

Sema YAMAN, Özlem ÖCAL, Zehra TOPRAK, Ferhat AVCI, Safder BAYAZİT, Oğuzhan ÇALIŞKAN
5.866 814

Öz


Nar, Türkiye’de yüzyıllardır geleneksel olarak yetiştirilen meyve türlerinden biridir. Ülkemizdeki ticari nar bahçelerinin tamamıma yakınında ‘Hicaznar’ çeşidi ile yetiştiricilik yapılmaktadır. Bu çeşit, meyve kabuk ve dane renginin koyu kırmızı olması nedeniyle hem yurt içi hem de yurt dışındaki tüketiciler tarafından tercih edilmektedir. Bu çalışmada, Akdeniz Bölgesi nar üretiminin %8’ini üreten Hatay ilinde yetiştirilen ‘Hicaznar’ çeşidinin meyve kalitesi üzerine farklı yükseltilerin etkisi incelenmiştir. Bu amaçla, deniz seviyesinden yükseklikleri çok düşük (İskenderun; 10 m), düşük (Antakya, Kumlu; 85 m), orta (Hassa; 350 m) ve yüksek (Yayladağı; 500 m) olan nar bahçelerinde yetiştirilen ‘Hicaznar’ çeşidinde meyve kalite analizleri gerçekleştirilmiştir. Elde edilen sonuçlara göre, ‘Hicaznar’ çeşidinin Hatay ekolojisinde 01 Ekim (10 m) ile 02 Kasım (500 m) tarihlerinde hasat edildiği saptanmıştır. Hatay ilinde yetiştirilen ‘Hicaznar’ çeşidinin meyve kalite özelliklerinden;  meyve ağırlığının 419.20 (10 m)-556.92 (500 m) g, 100 dane ağırlığının 34.68 (500 m)-36.60 (350 m) g, dane randımanın %52.35 (500 m)-60.13 (10 m) ve suda çözünebilir toplam kuru madde miktarının (SÇKM) %15.89 (85 m)-17.05 (10 m) arasında değişim gösterdiği tespit edilmiştir. Ayrıca, Hatay’da yetiştirilen meyvelerde; en koyu kırmızı kabuk rengi yükseltisi 500 m olan Yayladağı (a*=39.41, C= 49.65) ve yükseltisi 350 m olan Hassa ilçelerinden (a*=37.08, C= 47.31); en koyu dane rengi ise Yayladağı ilçesinden (a*=25.67, C= 27.40) elde edilmiştir. Sonuç olarak, Hatay ilinde yetiştirilen ‘Hicaznar’ çeşidinin meyve kalite özelliklerinin yükseltiye bağlı olarak farklılık gösterdiği tespit edilmiştir.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Nar, Hatay, yükselti, meyve kalitesi, renklenme

 Determination of Fruit Quality Characteristics Of ‘Hicaznar’ Cultivar Grown In Different Elevations

 Abstract

Pomegranate is a traditional fruit species since immemorial times in Turkey. ‘Hicaznar’ cultivar is used to about to all of pomegranate orchids in Turkey. The consumers in the local and international markets are preferred the cultivar for the dark red skin and aril colors. In this study was carried out to determine of effects of different elevations on fruit quality characteristics of ‘Hicaznar’ cultivars grown in Hatay which is growing about 8% of Mediterranean region of Turkey. For this reason, fruit quality characters were analyzed in the ‘Hicaznar’ cultivar, harvested from lowest (10 m), low (85 m), medium (350 m), and high (500 m) elevation sites.According to the data, the cultivar was harvested between October 01 (İskenderun/10m) and November 02 (Yayladağı/500m). ‘Hicaznar’ cultivar based on the fruit pomological traits, fruit weight was ranged between 419.20 (Yayladağı/500m)-556.92 g (Antakya/85m), 100 aril weight ranged between 34.68 (Yayladağı/500m)-36.60 g (Hassa/350m), aril percent ranged between %52.35 (Yayladağı)-60.13 (İskenderun), and TSS ranged between 15.89% (Antakya/85m)-17.05% (İskenderun/10m). In addition, dark red skin color was found in both Yayladağı (a*=39.41, C= 49.65) and Hassa counties (a*=37.08, C= 47.31) whereas dark red aril color was found in Yayladağı (a*=25.67, C= 27.40). As a result, the fruit quality characteristics of ‘Hicaznar’ cultivar grown in Hatay were showed differences based on elevations.

Key Words: Pomegranate, Hatay, elevation, fruit quality, coloring


Anahtar kelimeler


Nar, Hatay, yükselti, meyve kalitesi, renklenme

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