Bağ Yaprak Kıvrılma Virüs Hastalığının Tanımı, Önlenmesi, Yönetimi ve Değerlendirilmesi

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Özet

Bitki virüs hastalıklarından 65 tane virüs, bağları etkilemekte, %60’ları aşan verim kaybına neden olmakta ve tarlada bitki ömrünü ciddi anlamda etkilemektedir. Yaprak Kıvrılma Hastalığı da, bağların en önemli virüs hastalığıdır. Dünyanın bağ üretimi yapılan tüm bölgelerinde bulunmaktadır. Hastalık, ister simptom geliştirsin veya geliştirmesin tüm doğal ve Vitis vinifera türlerini, hibridlerini ve anaçlarını etkilemektedir. Hastalık Avrupa’da 19. yüzyılda tanımlanmış fakat aşıgözü ile taşınabilirliği 1937 yılına değin belirlenememiştir. Hastalığın yayılmasının en önemli kaynağı, çok büyük oranda aşı gözü, ikincil olarak da unlu bit türleri ile (Pseudococcidae) olmaktadır. Bu derleme de, hastalığa ait genel özellikleri, dünyadaki durumunu ve alınacak tedbirlerle ilgili pratik bilgileri çeşitli araştırıcıların yayınlarından taranarak hazırlanmıştır.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Bağ, yaprak kıvrılma virüs hastalığı, genel değerlendirme.

Diagnosis, Prevention, Assesment and Management of Grapevine Leafroll Diseases

Abstract

Grapevines are infected by 65 viruses, among which some members of the plant virus diseases, as they can induce yield losses in excess of 60% and seriously affect the plant survival in the field. Grapevine Leafroll- Associated Virus Diseases are considered a serious threat in vineyards. Disease existed in all of the world’s vineyards. Leafroll viruses, whether symptom developed or not affect all native and Vitis vinifera species, hybrids and rootstocks. The disease has been identified in Europe in 19th century but tranmission of this disease has been demonstrated in 1937. The principal means of spreading disease is the use of infected material and second spreading is via vectors which grape mealybug (Pseudococcidae). In this review, general characteristics of the disease, the world situation, and practical information about the measures have been prepared from publication of various research.

Key Words: Grapevine, Leafroll virus diseases, overall evaluation


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Referanslar


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