Elmada Bulunan Fitokimyasallar ve Diğer Zengin Bileşenlerin İnsan Sağlığına Yararları

Özcan Bulantekin, Alper Kuşçu
313 58

Öz


İnsan sağlığı açısından büyük risk oluşturan pek çok hastalığın (başta kanser olmak üzere, kalp-damar hastalıkları, seker hastalığı gibi) ortaya çıkmasını engelleyen ve birçok bitki türünde bol miktarda bulunan fitokimyasallar (fenolik bileşikler, flavonoidler, karetenoidler), insan sağlığı üzerindeki etkileri nedeniyle biyolojik aktif maddeler olarak adlandırılmaktadır ve birçok kronik hastalık risklerini azaltmada önemli rol oynamaktadır. Elma meyvesi, yüksek antioksidan aktiviteye sahip olduğundan dolayı lipit oksidasyonunu azaltmada, kolesterolü düşürmede ve kanser hücrelerinin çoğalmasını engellemede çok etkindir. Elmada kuersetin, kateşin,  epikateşin, prosiyanidin, klorojenik asit, gallik asit, floridizin, betakaroten gibi güçlü antioksidanlar vardır. Elmada bulunan fitokimyasalların insan sağlığına olan etkileri oldukça geniş ve yararlıdır. Bir İsveç atasözü vardır. “Her gün bir elma ye, bir doktoru uzaklaştır.” 


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Referanslar


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